As a veteran and founding member of the Guild of One Name Studies, I was pleased to speak at their Kent conference today on our county's magnificent probate records. A good crowd, good lunch, and very comfortable village hall, of which more are probably needed as social and business centres.
Family historians generally focus their efforts on researching their own family trees, collecting and analysing data in order to find as much detail as possible on every branch, twig or tiny leaf. Others compile surname studies, which seek all occurrences, past and present, of a single surname, anywhere in the world.
A one-name (or surname) study is a project researching all occurrences of a surname, as opposed to a particular pedigree (ancestors of one person) or descendancy (descendants of one person or couple). Some ‘one-namers’ restrict their research geographically, perhaps to one country, but true one-namers collect all occurrences worldwide.